• Lake Ontario Trout and Salmon Fishing…, Dipsy Diver Leader Length

    Posted on January 19th, 2017 admin No comments

    So you want to know exactly how much leader to run behind your Dipsy Diver to catch trout and salmon, consitently, right?  Me, too, even after 30 years of trolling the Great Lakes with them.

    The answer, I think, is, “It all depnds.”  That is, it depends on what you’re fishing for,d the conditions you’re fishing in, and what you’re fishing behind the Dipsy.  For a starter, let’s assume you’re using a clear snubber, which most, not all, Great Lakes captains use most of the time and talk about leader length from the swivel on the snubber to the snap swivel on the lure.

    Fact is, Iknow one captain who fishes leaders as short as 48″ when trolling spoons and attractor/flies or bait.  Others, mostly for spoons, fish leaders up to 25 feet long and half to handline fish to the net.  These are extremes.

    I have found that over the years I’ve fished Dipsys with spoons a 10′ leader with mono as light as I can get away with for the species I’m targeting works best for me.  With attractors and flies or bait, 8-10 foot leaders do the trick, but I’ve caught numbers of king salmon on 56″ leaders.  When I want to fish spoons further back than 10′, I switch to slide divers.

    As for leader, when trolling spoons, the lighter the better, and I never fish heavier than 20# test for anything, always with a clear snubber.  For attractors, I believe you can use as heavy a leader as you like.  I fish clear snubbers with both spoons and attractors for several reasons, but occasionally use dcolored snubbers for cohos and steelhead.  You will not find fluorocarbon leader in the lighter lb. tests on my charter boat because of poor knot strength.  I doubt that fluorocarbon leader increases hookups when fishing with divers.

  • Lake Ontrio Trout and Salmon Fishing…, Multiple Copper Lines on Megaboards

    Posted on November 20th, 2016 admin No comments


    Copper..., deadly for scattered, suspended kings

    I was uneasy, sitting next to float plane pilot “Buss” Byrd, engine roaring, aluminum pontoons skimming the water as we attempted to take off from Terror Lake in New York’s Adirondack Mountains.  My fishery biologist partner and I had just completed a fisheries survey of the remote 25 acre pond, and it was time to head back to civilization.  Circling over the pond on our arrival, I had looked down at the hour-glass shaped pond with it’s narrow, boggy, spruce lined channel separating the pond’s two sections and naively asked “Buss”, “Can we get in there?”.  Buss replied, “No problem getting in.  It’s getting out that’s the problem!”  A few days later, as we addressed the “getting out” problem, the plane roaring toward a wall of spruces near the narrow neck of the pond, pontoons still on the water, I blurted out, “Buss, can we make it through the narrows?” “Only if we have to”, “Buss” calmly replied, as the rickety old biplane jumped from the water, pontoons brushing the spruce tops.


    The answer is the same when someone asks me about using multiple copper lines.  I fish up to a 7-copper spread, but only when I have to, and only with  megaboards, for suspended fish IN NO BOAT TRAFFIC!  If the bite is hot using my standard spread of 2-5 riggers, 2-4 diving planers, a thumper rod and a couple of copper lines off the boards, there is neither the time nor the need for rigging multiple copper lines.    If the bite is slow, and suspended fish are very scattered vertically and horizontally,  a 7-copper spread goes in the water, 6 lines on the megaboards, and one down the chute.  It’s a lot of work, especially fishing solo most of the time without a mate, but multiple copper lines catch fish.  Done properly, it’s no problem.  Mess up, and it’s a copper calamity!


    On eastern  L. Ontario,  2008,  was one of those only-if-I-have-to salmon seasons. Much of the time, kings, steelhead and pitifully few cohos were scattered to hell and gone in nasty seas.  Never before, aboard the “Fish Doctor” were multiple copper lines fished as much. 


    Far from shore and boats, on a July, 2008,  afternoon, my son Jeff rigged in the cockpit as a charter crew of 5 waited for their first fish.  Desperate times call for desperate only-if-I-have-to measures.  With no action on riggers and Dipsys and almost nothing showing on the Sitex CVS210, Jeff looked satisfied with the 7-copper spread.  It didn’t take long as I eased the 28’ Baha to port, letting the copper lines slow and settle.  The center rod on the port megaboard  snapped from the release, and a 10 lb. laker with a silver/chartreuse NK28 in it’s mouth came to the net, far from a red hot bite, but a more than welcome start for another trip when copper saved the day. 


    Without using megaboards, oversized triple planer boards, trolling up to 7 copper lines without eventual tangles is impossible.  The triple megaboards I use with up to 500’copper sections run nearly straight out boatside and don’t drop back  like inline boards.  Inline boards replace megaboards only in very rough seas, when only two inlnes are used.    Copper shines in rough seas


    My multiple copper line trolling technique evolved over the past 41 years, influenced by some of North America’s most innovative anglers.  In 1967, Adirondack guide, Doug Canaday taught me to fish .037” diameter twisted copper line on the bottom for Lake George lake trout.  In 1978, on Lake Ontario I learned that  tuned #38 brass/silver Sutton spoons on copper were deadly medicine for bottom hugging prestaged kings.  Later trips to Lake Michigan with Tim Dawidiuk  and Chesapeake Bay with Capt. Bill Williams paved the way for the multiple copper line spread I use today aboard the Fish Doctor. 

  • Lake Ontario Trout and Salmon Fishing…, Controlling Voltage Output

    Posted on November 20th, 2016 admin No comments

    Since my last blog, “What’s Wrong with My Riggers”, was published I’ve had several emails asking about the value of the Black Box for controlling voltage output by your boat.  My response is that if tests(multimeter) show your boat is producing positive 0.5 to 0.7 volts, you’re good.  Mine produces 0.56 volts.  If voltage output from your  boat is not within that range, you should bond/ground everything(rudders, metal thru-hull intakes, shaft if inboard, etc.).  If that doesn’t get your boat tuned electridcally, think about a Black Box.

    Also, I’ve learned an awful lot about trolling for salmon from Alaska’s commercial trollers.  Here’s what one of them commented about the Black Box.


    by Salty » Wed Dec 26, 2012 11:49 am

    I agree with both wild card and carojae. So here is a story. The second year I was power trolling I finally bought a black box for my old wooden troller that should have been fishing better in my mind. The next trip was my best ever, smoked my partners. One of my partners came by to visit and said,

    “So, the black box really made a difference?”

    I replied, “Must have, never caught like this before. I wonder how good I would have done if I had hooked it up.”

    I have had the cheap black boxes, I have invested in the voltage guru VIP box, and had him go through the boat several times. I have added metal to the bottom of the boat as recommended. Here is what I think:

    1. There is something to this whole voltage-magnetic field theory;
    2. While complex, it boils down to this, you need your field in tune, .5-.8 tenths positive between your grounding system and your wires, but that is not the whole story. You also need to make sure you don’t have any voltage leaking into your field. Twice I have had transducers with speed indicators malfunction and start pumping noise into my system, undetected by the blackbox. We picked it up because it didn’t just reduce my fishing, it killed it. A friend suggested trying an alternate transducer. The next day I was number one in my group with 49 kings. During the slump my best day was 4.
    3. I think there are three stages of this electronic-magnetic field business:
    a) You have a problem or problems and you aren’t catching worth poop;
    b) You are ok and are catching ok;
    c) You have dialed in your boat and gear, to a magical level where you are smoking hot.

    4. A bigger boat with more metal underwater, ideally a big steel or aluminum boat, that is in tune has a larger field than a smaller boat, will catch more, everything else being equal.

    I have spent most of my career in b. I use a black box to tell me immediately if there is a short, and sometimes I follow instructions and fool with the voltage. There have been occasions when I got everything dialed in and was amazed at the difference in production.

    On the other hand I have partners and know people who never fool with any of this voltage business, who have not diligently bonded their boats, never check the voltage of new leads, and catch just fine.
    I had a problem last spring and spent hours trying to find it. Remounted my gurdies with plastic bolts, rewired all the wires going to the cockpit, and found some suspicious items but no silver bullet.

    Once you experience the magic it haunts you forever trying to find it again.

  • Blog, Lake Ontario Trout and Salmon Fishing…, What’s Wrong with My Rigger?

    Posted on November 12th, 2016 admin No comments


    A catch of 9 kings in 4 hours in Sept., 2016, on two downriggers

     Conditions hadn’t changed in several days and I knew the troll, due north at a surface speed of 2.7 mph.  I sent the center rigger down the 5th time to 135’.  Wham!!  Dr. Kerry Brown, Capt. Tim Hummel, and their first mates, Tom and John watched the 7’ Shortstick double to the water, reel screeching.  If we landed the king(and we did)  the tally would be 5 kings in a row on the double pearl dodger and king  salmon fly behind the decoy rigger down the center 135 feet and back 20 feet..  This, before we had put another line in the water!


    Kerry, and his crew of charter captains had traveled from the Port of Oak Orchard in western Lake Ontario to Oswego Harbor in eastern Lake Ontario on July 20, 2005, to do an  on-water Howie Fly class with me.   After the 5th king was flopping on the deck, Tom commented,  “ OK, Ernie, I’ve seen enough.  We can go back!”   


    What Tom hadn’t seen, was what was comng next.  Instead of dropping the center rigger back down to 135’, I rigged the two corner riggers with dodgers and flies and dropped them to 130Õ and 120Õ.  No takers!  I immediately dropped our hot item on the center rigger back down to 135’.  We watched intently.  We were still on the same hot troll…, identical speed, identical direction, doing everything to repeat-a-fish.  My sonar was still showing  bait and kings from 100’ to 140’.  Nothing.  After setting copper lines, wire Dipsys, and a thumper rod, we started catching fish again, but not on the riggers.


    One week later, the scenario was similar.  As my crew approached the end of an 8-hour charter, we had boated some nice kings, but after the first two hours of the trip, not a single one of them had come on a rigger rod.  Running three to four riggers at a time, the flashers and Howie Flies late in the trip hadn’t  produced a nibble.  Because our copper rods, wire Dipsys, and thumper rods were all firing I had not changed the rigger spread.  As we got ready to pull lines and head back to Oswego Marina, I purposely pulled both  boom riggers and spread out the corner riggers, one down 100’,  one down 140’.  Before I could get the second boom rigger weight out of the water, we doubled on the two green ProChips trailing  green krinkle flies.  Reducing the number of riggers in the water and spreading them out was all it took.


    I’m a firm believer in the addage that, “Less is often more.”, when it comes to fishing riggers.  And, when I say less, think about not just dropping down to two riggers, but sometimes to only one!  One fish on one rod every 10 minutes equals 6 fish/hour, equals… !!!!!

  • Lake Ontario Trout and Salmon Fishing…, Electrical Reception in Fish

    Posted on November 12th, 2016 admin No comments


    A properly grounded electrical system in your boat is critical in catching electro-sensitive fish like this musky boated aboard the Fish Doctor.

    Do a quick search on the  internet for  “elecrical reception in fish”, and you’ll quickly learn that all organisms give off electrical pulses.  The tiny voltage they generate results from the interaction of nerves and muscles, like that of a bait fish trying to escape from a predator.  You’ll also learn that all fish have varying abilities to find prey by  sensing that prey’s electrical discharge.  Studies  shown  many species like sharks have special electro receptor pores in their head allowing them to locate prey at distances up to 30 feet, and reportedly sense as small a change in electrical current as 3 billionths of a volt.  Research has shown that sharks, sturgeon and other species using electrical receptors can detect food like crabs buried in the sand on the ocean floor because of the electric pulse these food organisms discharge.


    Studies show that the lateral line of a salmon not only can detect vibrations but also electric pulses.  Fishery scientists theorize salmon find their way back to spawning streams by their sense of smell, and, perhaps,  similar to sharks, by also sensing the electromagnetic forces of the earth.  Because salmon are repelled by excessive negative electrical charges, biologists on the west coast have found if salmon have to pass through metal structures like culverts on their spawning run,   these structures become barriers if they have a negative charge that is too high.

    When it comes to catching Great Lakes trout and salmon, the electrical charge produced by your boat has a huge effect on your success.



  • Lake Ontario Trout and Salmon Fishing…, More on Slide Divers

    Posted on November 1st, 2016 admin No comments


    This early May king hit a Stinger rigged 30 feet behind a slide diver

     All it takes is one hot rod to put all the fish you want in the boat, and when trout and salmon are in the top 30 to 40 feet of water,  a slide  diver rod is often the hottest.

     I mix Slide Divers with riggers plus flatlines and short leadcore sections off the planer boards and let the fish decide which presentation they like best.   Some days the riggers, lead core or flat lines work best, but day in and day out,  Slide Divers catch a lot of fish.

    Despite their effectiveness, slide divers  are probably one of the most underutilized trolling techniques by trout and salmon fishermen in the Northeast.   Most trollers use  directional diving planers like the Dipsy Diver, which  attach directly to monofilament,  braided, or wire line. Water pressure against the angled surface of the diver  takes the trailing lure target  depth, and an adjustable rudder directs them to port or starboard.  

    When using standard diving planers, the length of leader from the planer to the lure trolled behind it is limited to a maximum of about eight feet or whatever length an angler can handle when the planer is reeled to the rod tip while landing a fish.  This is where the Slide Diver parts company with all other available directional and nondirectional diving planers.  A lure can be trolled any distance behind it, the reason it is part of the arsenal on my charter boat.

    The fishing line, either braid or monofilament, actually  passes through a Slide Diver and can be locked in place any distance ahead of the lure.  This allows a lure to be fished any distance behind the Slide Diver, a huge advantage when trolling for boat shy trout or salmon just below the surface.  In many cases, a trout or salmon in the top 30 feet or less of water won’t hit a lure fished on a 6’to 8’ leader behind a diving planer.  Set that lure back 20’ or more and lock your line in place, though, and you’ll catch fish. 

    I fish Slide Divers on a 9’ medium heavy rod with standard guides, and an ABU Garcia Alphamar 20LC line counter reel spooled with 40 lb. test Berkley braided line. The braided line is threaded through an 8 mm. bead and attached to 6’ of 15# test fluorocarbon leader with a barrel swivel.   The rudder on the Slide Diver is adjusted to the #3.5 setting taking the diver as far away from the boat as possible.  Bait or artificials are normally fished 20 to 40 feet behind the Slide Diver. 

    When a fish hits the spoon, the trigger on the diver releases and the diver slides back to the bead and swivel, 6’ ahead of the spoon.  The fact that the diver slides on the line is a huge advantage when a steelhead or landlocked salmon hits and goes aerial, leaping across the surface.  instead of dragging a solidly attached diving planer along with it, increasing the chance for the hook to pull free, the inline Slide Diver  slides freely on the line, never allowing the fish to pull directly against the diver.

    Learn to use Slide Divers, and you WILL catch more early season trout and salmon.

  • Lake Ontario Trout and Salmon Fishing…, Derby Winning Kings

    Posted on August 5th, 2016 admin No comments


    A 38 lb. 14 oz. LOC grand prize winner.

    “Wow, that’s a big one, isn’t it, Ernie?”, Jim Huftangel asked in a strained voice as a king salmon with a head as big as a bucket surfaced just off the stern.  I knew too much excitement can be disastrous when landing a big money king, so I simply responded, “It’s O.K.”  Later, on a certified scale at Larry’s Salmon Shop, an official Lake Ontario Counties Derby(LOC) weigh station, the big king pulled the needle to 38 lbs. 14 oz., and won the $20,000 grand prize. 

     Ten months later, on May 10, 2007, I watched as another king salmon pulled the same certified scale to 24 lbs. 2 oz.   The heavy bellied fish won the 2007 Spring LOC Derby $10,000 grand prize for Fish Doctor angler, Jim Unkel. 

     When it comes to winning big fish tournaments and derbies, all importantly, you must be in it, to win it.  Had Jim Huftanel and Jim Unkel not been entered in the derby, they would have walked away with nothing in their pocket, like so many anglers you hear about who land derby winning kings during a derby, but are not entered.

     Once in a lifetime wins in big fish derbies like the LOC Derby  may be luck.  Consistent wins or top ten placements in these derbies, with up to 6,350 entrants for 18 days of head to head competition  are definitely not left to chance.  Fishing aboard his boat, “Liquid Plumber”, Dell Casterline missed winning the 2007 Fall LOC Derby Grand Prize by two ounces, with a 31 lb. 14 oz. king, and his partner Dan Gaylewski placed first in the 2007 Summer LOC Derby, neither win depending just on good fortune.  He and other consistent big fish derby winners owe their success to an effective big fish strategy,  commitment, and hard work. 

     Any angler who consistently wins big fish derbies does so before ever putting lines in the water.  Long before a derby starts, preparation, homework, and laying out an effective strategy are vital.  Once  lines are rigged and ready, commitment, confidence, planning for changing conditions, and plain old instinct take over. 

     An effective strategy is all about experience and personal expertise.  Keeping it simple but effective is key, as evidenced by the long record of small boat derby wins where only two anglers had minimal lines in the water.  A winning strategy includes use of the right gear presented properly in the right place at the right time.

     If you’re spending  money to enter a derby and taking the time to fish it, remember that preparation is oh, so important.  Leave nothing to chance, be it your vehicle, your boat and motor, your electronics or your fishing equipment.  When you’re on your way to a weigh station with a winning king in the box,  it’s no time for a problem with a boat engine.   Even worse, when you’ve finally hooked up a big dollar king, it’s no place for rotten line, a shoddy drag, or a dull hook.  It takes preparation and attention to every detail to consistently catch derby winners.

     Homework is crucial.  I have either a mental or written 30-year record of almost every spring king I’ve ever caught over 25 lbs. and every summer king I’ve caught over 30 lbs., where and  how it was caught, and what it was caught on.  Check your own records or start keeping them.  Tournament and derby records are extremely helpful, with weigh station winners showing where and on what big kings are caught.  Derby winners must often take a polygraph exam,  so leader board information is usually accurate.  Importantly, derby winning kings consistently come from the same area. 

     Monster kings are normally 4-year old males, one year bigger and older than the rest.  Big boys don’t hang with little boys!  They behave differently than 3-year old kings and smaller males.  They appear to be loners.   In late summer, big male kings also tend to select different terminal gear than females. 

     Location is crucial to catching big kings, and not just  geographic location.  I believe big male chinooks avoid areas of heavy fishing pressure.  I have never caught a monster king salmon over 35 lbs. in a fleet of boats.  Even if it means avoiding what I consider proven big fish areas, I’ll leave them for quieter water if boating pressure is too great.  If you hear someone bragging they’re catching hundreds of kings during a derby, but no prize money winners, count them out.  First, you cannot catch a “big boy” if you already have a” little boy” on your line.  If you start crushing small fish, move away from them.  Either fish the outside edges of the hot spot, or leave it entirely.

     Fish monster king gear to consistently win big fish derbies.  My first choice…, 8″ Pro-Troll flashers trailed by Howie Flies.  Three of the last 6 LOC Derbies were won using ProChip or HotChip flashers. Three of the last four grand prize derby winners were caught on Howie Flies.   Leader length, nose of the fly to the end of the leader, is critical.  On 8″ flashers, I fish a 23″-30″ leader.  

     A big fish presentation may not fill the box, but it might just fill your wallet!  Whether spring or late summer, fish slower and deeper than normal, between 2.1 mph and 2.5 mph.  Big male chinooks spend much of their lives in 40-43 degree water.  They love the deep freeze, so don’t be afraid to go down after them, even if you’re seeing more “marks” on your fish finder at shallower depths.  Ignore large bait concentrations that attract smaller kings.  Big boys can’t compete with faster, quicker little boys for food. 

     Copper line fished from a planer board or down the chute, consistently catches most of my biggest kings every month of the year, and produced Jim Huftanel’s 38 lb. 14 oz. grand prize winner on the first afternoon of the Fall 2006 LOC Derby.  No matter how many anglers I have on board during a derby, I fish only two riggers, two Dipsys, two copper lines from planer boards, and either a thumper rod or copper rod down the chute.  Fewer lines mean more big fish!  On the riggers long setbacks from 30′ to 120′ catch bigger fish.

     Once a strategy is laid out and big fish lines are in the water  winning derbies is all about commitment to fish hard ever minute of every day of a derby and the confidence to persist.  Remember, you’re fishing for only one fish, a grand prize winner!

     When you finally catch that big money king, handle it with tender loving care.  Use a quality digital scale to weigh it accurately.  Know exactly what size fish are on the leader board.  Be careful not to cause bleeding from the gills, which reduces weight.  Keep the fish moist.   If there is any question, head for the weigh station. When you get there, do not remove the fish from the cooler until the station master is ready to officially weigh it.

     If you don’t think properly handling derby contenders is vital, ask Jim Unkel, whose 24.2 lb. king won the $10,000 grand prize in the Spring 2007 LOC Derby  by a mere 2 ounces, rather than the $1,000 first place in the Salmon Division!


  • Lake Ontario Trout and Salmon Fishing…, Familiar Bite Alewives

    Posted on August 1st, 2016 admin No comments


    This Atlantic salmon hit a Sushi Fly behind a Whip Flash flasher

    As I stood at the rigging table in the stern of my charter boat wiring a Familiar Bite alewife strip in a Sushi Fly, my thoughts drifted back 50 years.  It was about then, sitting in an old wooden rowboat on a remote Adirondack pond that my Dad had showed me how to bait a single hook lake trout spoon with a fresh strip of minnow.  I remember him saying, “It’s the bait that makes the difference”.

     Some things never change, and for Great Lakes trollers, quality  bait can still be the difference between a long day on the water or a cooler full of trout and salmon, , especially when fish are a bit negative, spurning standard, unbaited spoons and flies.  In Lake Ontario, the bait of choice, of course, is the alewife, the fresher the better.

     A few Lake Ontario trollers now collect, cure, and freeze their own alewives, jigging them with sabiki rigs, a series of tiny jigs on a leader designed to catch species like mackerel, Pacific herring and alewives.  For those who do not catch their own bait, whole alelwives, cut bait, some of it from Pacific or Atlantic herring, and Sushi Strips are now available in sport, shops.

     But, and this is a huge “but”, there is a drastic difference in quality of this bait.  When it comes to whole alewives, the best available is from Familiar Bite, fresh, perfectly cured, frozen and vacuum packed alewives with silvery scales, bright eyes, and firm flesh that look  like they just came out of the water(and they did).   The worst alewives I have seen are from Dream Weaver,  discolored, shrunken eyes, soft mushy flesh.

     Confidence is everything, when it comes to the evolution of an effective trolling spread.   Thirty years of trolling bait on Lake Ontario has done that for me.  Trial and error, success and failure, it has all gone into the equation of a salmon spread I now use routinely combining whole bait, Sushi Flies, and artificials.   But when it comes to bait, the secret is the quality. 

  • Lake Ontario Trout and Salmon Fishing…, Fishing Cheaters

    Posted on May 15th, 2016 admin No comments


    This dandy brown hit a spoon on a cheater.

    On the morning of May 12, 2016, I watched the #1 rigger rod hammer down hard as a king salmon nailed the silver/red spoon we were fishing on a fixed cheater 10’ above the release.  Only 30’ below the boat, it was a violent hit that brought everyone onboard to attention.  Val boated the king, the last of their 12 fish limit, 11 kings from 5 to 18.5 lbs. and one brown. My crew had released somewhere between 10 and 15 other kings from 1 – 4 lbs., plus a lake trout.  As usual, cheaters, had added to the catch.


    Cheaters, sometimes called fixed sliders, are effective anywhere downriggers are used.  This rigging technique involves a four to ten foot long leader that is piggy-backed to a monofilament main line hooked to a downrigger release in the standard fashion.  The key to the successful use of a cheater is the way it is fished.  Leader length and position of the cheater lure in relation to the terminal lure are critical.

     After 20 years of experience fishing these specialized rigs on Lake Ontario, I prefer to attach cheaters to the main line with an ingenious device called a Liberator, manufactured by Roemer.  It is small, attaches firmly to the main line, does not damage abrasion resistant line like Berkley Big Game, and can be easily adjusted to fish any distance above the weight.  Correctly attached to the main line, it does not immediately slide on a strike, increasing the chances of a solid hookup.  Importantly, when a fish is hooked on the lure at the terminal end of the line, the Liberator automatically releases when the device contacts the rod tip.  If the cheater leader is not twisted around the main line, the Liberator simply slides down the line and out of the way.

     \When using Liberators, fish a main line of at least 15 lb. test, and rig your cheater leaders with the same line.  When I am  fishing brown trout in the thermocline in July, I am re fishing 15 lb. main line, if water feas allow,  and 15 lb. cheater leaders.  If  the fleas are heavy, the main line is 30# test.  This time of year, when I am cheating spoons over dodgers or flashers and and flies, I fish 20-30 lb. test monofilament on both main line and cheater.  Just select the leader length you want.  Tie a large snap swivel on one end of the leader and a standard snap swivel on the other.  Attach the large snap to the Liberator and the smaller snap swivel  to the spoon.

     The basic principle behind use of a cheater is that it not only allows an angler to use two different lures on one line, but also allows two different types of lure presentation, fishing a spoon on a long setback off the mainline and another spoon on a shorter setback off the.  The fish will “tell” you which presentation they like best on a given day.


  • Lake OntarioTrout and Salmon Fishing…, Changing Salmon Behavior

    Posted on April 10th, 2016 admin No comments


    A 7/18/15 catch of kings.

    When I toured states like Michigan a few winters ago giving seminars at Chip Porter’s  “Salmon Institute” I often heard Chip Say, “If you always do what you always did, you’ll always catch what you always caught.”  Chip used that saying to encourage anglers to improve their techniques and resulting catch rate or success. 

     However, in my experience that saying only holds true when fishing conditions remain the same.  If you’re fishing a good program and catching lots of fish you’re good to go, right?  Just keep on doing what you’ve been doing.  But…, what if conditions change?  For instance, what if the water clarity of Lake Ontario changes as a result of a massive zebra mussel infestation and visibility increases from 3-5 feet to up to 35 feet?  How are those jointed chartreuse Rapalas you’ve caught spring browns on in shallow water working out for ya now?  Not so good, eh?  Time to quit doing what you’ve always done, eh?

     Well, it’s happening again.  This time with king salmon.  Always  reliable, right, showing up on the east lake around late June, concentrating on bait and providing good offshore fishing in July, and stacking up in Mexico Bay like cordwood in August and Sept.

     Concentrating in July?  Stacking up in August and September?  In the past two years?  Seriously?  Well, if you think so, you haven’t been fishing the southeast corner of Lake Ontario.  Things have changed.  If you’re still doing what you  always did, you’re missing the boat!

     Kings are showing up earlier in the season than ever, as we saw aboard the Fish Doctor when the first two kings of the season were boated on April 18, 2015, and we averaged 5 kings per  trip in May while most other boats were fishing browns. 

     On most days in July, kings were scattered far and wide offshore, and it took a “pedal-to-the-metal” program to consistently put any numbers in the box.

     In August and early September in Mexico Bay kings and cohos were not stacked up like cordwood, especially off the mouth of the Salmon River, and to pound that area day after day was futile.  Time to look elsewhere.

     If you’re still fishing for kings like you always did on Lake Ontario, most of the time don’t count on catching what you always caught!